Yangon formerly known as Rangoon, was the capital of the Yangon Region of Myanmar, also known as Burma.
Yangon served as the capital of Myanmar until 2006, when the military government relocated the capital to the purpose-built city of Naypyidaw in central Myanmar.With over 7 million people, Yangon is Myanmar’s largest city and its most important commercial centre.Yangon boasts the largest number of colonial-era buildings in Southeast Asia, and has a unique colonial-era urban core that is remarkably intact. The colonial-era commercial core is centred around the Sule Pagoda, which is reputed to be over 2,000 years old.The city is also home to the gilded Shwedagon Pagoda – Myanmar’s most sacred Buddhist pagoda. The mausoleum of the last Mughal Emperor is located in Yangon, where he had been exiled following the Indian Mutiny of 1857.
Yangon suffers from deeply inadequate infrastructure, especially compared to other major cities in Southeast Asia. Though many historic residential and commercial buildings have been renovated throughout central Yangon
, most satellite towns that ring the city continue to be profoundly impoverished and lack basic infrastructure.
The Bagan Archaeological Zone is a main attraction for the country’s nascent tourism industry. It is seen by many as equal in attraction to Angkor Wat in Cambodia.
The Royal Palace in Mandalay is the highlight of any visit here. The extensive palace grounds spread over a huge area of Mandalay, surrounded by a wide moat and high walls.The last royal occupants were King Thibaw and Queen Supayalart and their daughters, royal household, courtiers, justices and palace officials. When the British colonized Burma, British troops marched on the palace in 1885 and demanded King Thibaw surrender within 24 hours. He did so, coming out of the palace with the Queen, wailing and moaning that the British were going to kill him. The Queen told him to shut up and behave like a man and a king.Thibaw, his queen and daughters were exiled to India where they lived in diminishing poverty until Thibaw, the last King of Burma, died in 191, a sad ending to a long Burmese royal dynasty.
Bagan is an ancient city located in the Mandalay Region of Myanmar. From the 9th to 13th centuries, the city was the capital of the Pagan Kingdom, the first kingdom that unified the regions that would later constitute modern Myanmar. During the kingdom’s height between the 11th and 13th centuries, over 10,000 Buddhist temples, pagodas and monasteries were constructed in the Bagan plains alone, of which the remains of over 2,200 temples and pagodas still survive to the present day.
Inle Lake a freshwater lake located in the Nyaungshwe Township of Taunggyi District of Shan State, part of Shan Hills in Myanmar (Burma). It is the second largest lake in Myanmar with an estimated surface area of 44.9 square miles (116 km2), and one of the highest at an elevation of 2,900 feet (880 m). During the dry season, the average water depth is 7 feet (2.1 m), with the deepest point being 12 feet (3.7 m), but during the rainy season this can increase by 5 feet (1.5 m).The watershed area for the lake lies to a large extent to the north and west of the lake. The lake drains through the Nam Pilu or Balu Chaung on its southern end. There is also a hot spring on its northwestern shore.Although the lake is not large, it contains a number of endemic species. Over twenty species of snails and nine species of fish are found nowhere else in the world. Some of these, like the silver-blue scaleless Sawbwa barb, the crossbanded dwarf danio, and the Lake Inle danio, are of minor commercial importance for the aquarium trade. It hosts approximately 20,000 brown and black head migratory seagulls in November, December and January.
Pyin Oo Lwin is formerly and colloquially referred to as Maymyo
is a scenic hill town in Mandalay Division, Myanmar, located in the Shan Highland, some 67 kilometers (42 mi) east of Mandalay, and at an altitude of 1,070 meters (3510 ft). The town was estimated to have a population of around 255,000 in 2014.Pyin Oo Lwin May myo , Taung Lay Kha (Hillside Stairs) Taung Sa Kan (Hill Station) and the most well-known name, Pan Myo Taw (City of flowers).
Sagaing was the capital of Sagaing Kingdom (1315–1364), one of the minor kingdoms that rose up after the fall of Pagan dynasty, where one of Thihathu‘s sons, Athinkhaya, established himself.During the Ava period (1364–1555)Sagaing is the capital of Sagaing Region (formerly Sagaing Division). Located on the Irrawaddy River, 20 km to the south-west of Mandalay on the opposite bank of the river, Sagaing, with numerous Buddhistmonasteries is an important religious and monastic centre. The pagodas and monasteries crowd the numerous hills along the ridge running parallel to the river. The central pagoda, Soon U Ponya Shin Pagoda, is connected by a set of covered staircases that run up the 240 m hill.
Nay Pyi Taw has a short history. It was founded on a greenfield site near Pyinmana, about 320 kilometres (200 mi) north of the old capital, Yangon.
Construction started in 2002. At least 25 construction companies were hired by the military government to build the city, including Asia World and Htoo Ltd.
On 6 November 2005, the administrative capital of the country was quietly relocated from Yangon to a greenfield site about 320 km (200 mi) north of where it had been, with minimal explanation from the government.
The new capital’s official name was made public on 27 March 2006, Myanmar’s Armed Forces Day. Construction of this planned city began in 2002 and was completed by 2012